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Saturday, June 5, 2010

Manggo Clones in Malaysia



Mango (Mangnifera indica) in Malaysia grown as commercial and semi-commercial crop. There was mote than 25 varietiea or clones of mango domestically grown by farmers with a total of 9,400 hectare in 2009 in Malaysia. Estimated about 24,500 metric tonnes of mango fruit produced in 2009 in Malaysia. Alor Gajah District in Melaka has the largest mango growing area (419 hectare) followed by Jasin District in Melaka ( 463 ha) and Kuching District (271 ha). This article about to elaborate few popular clones from my study as pioneer in mango Chok Anan new planting program in Melaka during MIADP period. Most of mango growing practices in Malaysia are grown in ex-paddy area and coastal area. The commercial mango farm was grown for fresh production ang only small amount for processing. Problems arised in mango plantation in Malaysia such as fruit borer, trunk borer, low fruit set, short dry spell period and other affect potential yield production. There was 5 selected clones of mango in Malaysia namely MA 128, MA 162, MA 165, MA 204 and MA 223 for your references based on my observation study in many years.

1. MA 128 (Harumanis)
Fruit Shape was Ovoid oblong with average weight of 340 gram. Skin colour when ripen was dark green or light green. Flesh color was Orange with sweet taste and smell good. The seed was sized at 8.7 cm x 4.2 cm with long shape. This clone was recommended for northern Peninsular Malaysia such as Perlis and Kedah. DOA promote this clone due to its taste, size and market demand. This clone production season was in Mei, Jun up to July.


2. MA 162 (Foo Fatt/ Golek)
Fruit shape was oblong elongate with average
weight about 650 gram. Fruit skin color is light green and yellowish green when turn to ripening stage. Flesh color was orange with minimum fibre at taste a little sweet sour. The seed shape was elongated with sized about 14 cm x 3.3 cm thickness.

3. MA 165 (MAHA 65)
This clones has Oblong elongate shape with an average weight 600 gram. Young fruit color was light green turn to yellowish green when reach ripening stage. The flesh color was light green with fine soft fibre and a
Little sweet sour. The seed was elongated shape, thin and sized about 17 cm x 4.5 cm with parallel arrangement.

4. MA 204 (Melele/ Mas muda)
The fruit shape was Ovoid oblong with average weight about 400 gram. The young fruit was light green so as matured fruit still light green. The flesh color is yellow and sweet sour taste with fine texture. The seed has swell elongated shape with size about 11 cm x 4.5 cm.


5. MA 223 (Nam Dok Mai)

Nam Dok Mai has Oblong Elongate shape fruit with an average weight of 400 gram. Young fruit was green and turn green yellowish upon ripening and yellowish green when fully ripen. It has yellow flesh color with fine texture and very sweet taste. The seed was elongated shape with size about 12.7 cm x 4.5 cm.

All clones above documented by Department of Agriculture in 1995. Recently the most popular clones planted by farmers was MA224 also known as Chok Anan. This clones was introduced in 1998 by me in Malacca (MIADP) as new crop to rehabilitate idle paddy land. I introduced this clones due to its fantastic growth and early harvesting period. Until now Melaka has a large mango area planted with the assistance and hard work of Department of Agriculture and private sector.

6. MA 224 (Chok Anan)
This clone was originated from Thailand and introduced in 1989 by me in Melaka for paddy rehabilitation program. This clone has medium size tree with proper pruning program. It has huge number of fruit and able to bear fruit throughout the year. The fruit has green color skin and turn to golden yellow when fully ripe. The flesh was golden yellow in color with soft fiber. This clone produce best aroma and thin skin.
Visit other articles on Mango ini this blogs. Thanks!

MANGO CLONES...25 VARIETIES...
DOA CENTER...MANGO REPOSITORIES..
GROWING...AGRICULTURE PRACTICE
GROW MANGO... INCOME INCREASE....

By
M Anem
Melaka

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