KLIK SAYA SOKONG BLOG

Monday, February 8, 2010

Mushroom - Raw Material Costing

Grey Oyter Mushroom ready for harvest at Muar District Project.

Grey Oyster Mushroom (Localy known as Cendawan Tiram Kelabu) was a popular comodity among Muar farmers since 2005 when Pagoh Agriculture Special Project (Projek Khas Peertanian Pagoh) was implemented. Since then about 15 farmers group active in muchroom production. However, the price of raw material for mushroom production tremendously increase due to petrol price hike in 2007/2008 and other factors are supply and demand. Recently I conduct simple survey to the selected farmers to gain an information about availabity of raw material and the costing for mushroom production.
The survey conducted for 7 farmers located at Kg Terus Panchor, Kg Tg Selabu, Kg Muda Jaya, Kg Parit Simpang, Kg Bt 27 Lenga, Kg Sg Terap and Kg Bukit Pasir all in Muar District of Johore. I visit all 7 structures and had an interview with the operators. According to Rosli, he already managed for 8 cycle to produce mushroom from begining. He was trained by DOA personels at Parit Simpang Training Center on hands-on training for 5 days. He said that the price of mushromm production material was increase from before especially on oil based material.
Below are some reasonable price list in Muar District of Johor for mushroom production from my research late 2009.












LEFT: OSTER MUSHROOM
FARM AT KG SG TERAP,
MUAR UNDER DOA
SUPERVISION



1. GREY OYSTER MUSHROOM

a. Substrate bag - RM 0.75 per bag (Inoculated)
b. Spawn - RM 3.00 per pack
c. Ring (Plastic) - RM 0.058 per pieces
d. Flat Cap - RM 0.053 per pcs
e. Cultivation cap - RM 0.078 per set
f. Plastic bag - RM 13.00 per /kg
g. Calcium carbonate - RM 0.30 /kg

h. Saw Dust (Rubber) - RM 85.00/ton
i. Rice bran - RM 1.20 /kg

j. Fire wood chip - RM 200 /2.5 mt truck
k. Steamer (4x8x5) - RM 6,000/unit


Right: Agriculture Officer
Checking mushroom
for diseases.







2. FOR SUBSTRATE BAG ONLY:
(Price for substrate MUSHROOM - inoculated)

a. White Oyster - RM 1.00/bag
b. Yellow Oyster -RM 0.90/bag
c. Pink Oyster - RM 0.80/bag

d. Abalone - RM 0.80/bag
e. Black Poplar - RM 0.80/bag
f. Black Jelly - RM 3.00/bag
g. Ling-Zhi - RM 1.50/bag

Above price was reported to increase in this year (2010) especially on saw dust and plastic product. My survey shown that the ex-farm price for fresh grey oyster mushroom between RM 6.00 - RM 7.00 depending on grades and size. However there is an anchor company in Muar (C&C Mushroom ) provide contract farming concept with buying price at RM 4.50 per kilogram. Recently few mushroom farmers reported to stop their activity due to the increase in operation cost, low productivity due to diseases and unstable production line. Department of Agriculture in Muar conduct an advice program through extension agent and training program to analyse the situation. Result shown smallholders has not enough capital when more than 50% of the targeted yield was thrown away due to disease. Sanitation and Good Manufacturing Practices (GAP) always in the top SPTP's Extension program.

Visit Ling Zhi Project at Grisek and study the market demand. Ling-zhi claimed was good to cure cancer.


EAT MORE MUSHROOM.........MORE HEALTHY....

GROW MUSHROOM........WHAT THE COST?

By

M Anim

DOA Muar


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